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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 28, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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[applause] >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world newsa. amerfr reporting om washington, i am laura trevelyan. reunited after years apart. islamic state separated yazidi families and sold them into slavery. now these victims are reclaiming their lives. could drug companies be partly to blame for the opioid crisis? the state of oklahoma tas johnson & johnson to court and the verdict wi be watched nationwide. plus, it was a trial that had sverything, including america' 26th president. a century ago, teddy roosevelt took the stand in a battle to save his legacy.
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laura:on welcome to our viewer public television here in america and around the globe. wi the fall of islamic sta in syria, hundreds of prisoners have been freed. many are yazidis, a religious minority who were ca and enslaved when i.s. swept through their homeland in northern iraq. those who survive are trying to rebuild their lives. tonight we start our program over unionl story and the lasting scars that i.s. left. quentin sommerville sent this report from northern iraq. quentin: five years without play, five years of cruelty, five years a slave. this 11-year-old is now free om the islamic state group's torment.
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"they would buy us children and make us servants. they would buy women of any age and makehem wives they treated their children nicely like a piece of gold, but kicked us out at night. i don't know why they would buy us if they didn't want to look afr us." i.s. brought ruin to his town of sinjar in iraq. not far from here, they murdered the men, and they took the wome and children, sold into a life of servitude. most thought they would never see sinjar again. many did not. it was genocide, said the united tions. for his last years in syria,ed foo convert to islam, he was alone with monsters. his father had escaped, but hisi motherers, and brothers were sold to i.s. this family was traded half a dozen times.
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four years ago the mother's freedom was bought. it was a bittersweet mt. he and his sister were still trapped in syria with i.s. granted asylum in germany, she had no peace while her children were missing. "our kids were crying. each hour i.s. would come and take the young women and children from their mothers. we were forced to live in disgrace and humiliati they treated us like sheep. they told me 'a man has bought you.' i said i would rather be kled than go with that man." year, hisne sister, a ni-year-old, was found. saly in iraq, she tries to forget about the last five years of work, cruelty, anforced prayer. she speaks rarely now.
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but this is all in the past. now they wait at the airport in iraq. their mum is flying in from germany. so much has ood in the way. of this embrace. quentin: under the same roof for the first time in years, the family can finally sleep without fear.e we all know lamic state group's crimes on the battlefield, but this is where it is really felt. they tried to destroy family, they tried to wipe out the entire yazidi people. but they didn't, they failed.
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islamic run now, but the pain and the suffering they caused has been amplified tens of thousands of families here in iraq and syria, too. that is going to take generations to recover from. but countless other yazidi families will never be reunited. the yazidis were a people that their country and the west failed to protect.e despis, the family that in it is another victory against the islamic state group. quentin sommerville, bbc news, northern ira laura: the familtogether at last after so much misery. in oklahoma today at trial began which could have widespread implications for whether drug companies ll be held responsible for the opioid crisis. the state argues that deceptive marketing downplayed the risk of addiction, but t company said it did nothing wrong.
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s ite of nearly 2000 cases of its kind, so the outcome will be watched closely. r more i spoke with regina labelle, director of the addiction and public policy initiative at georgetown law. this is the first major test oft whether can hold the drug companies accountable for the opioid crisis. how influential could the outcome be?or regina: thanksaving me to talk about this important issue. this will send a message. the rest of the cases won't come about until october. there are settlement discussions. the sults of this one -- the case is intended to take the rest of thsummer. it could have implications or set a bar for threst of either settlements or judgments that come about. but it is a very fact-specific case in oklahoma. laura: could we possibly find out whether the drug companies really knew how addictive these opioids were going to be? regina: that is what the trial will bring up, and part of why
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it will take so long, that there are many documents they discovered during the process of discovery, and they will be able to bring that up in court to say -- the case in oklahoma is not against purdue pharma, which was the first drug on the market. mlaura: what does this can for those many families who eier lost people through overdoses or had relatives become addicted to opioids? regina: i ink that there is about 30% in a recent poll of americans who say they have known someone ornew of someone who suffered a drug overdose or had an opioid addiction. it means a lot to people that their story will be told in court, and that they at the end of the day will have an opportunity to see some justicem it is portant for them. reura: drug companies are saying
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it was doctors whoribed these drugs, not them. is that going to be much of a defense? regina: there will be defenses they raise and that will be one, as well as currently today, the majority of ice deaths are involving i fentanyl and heroin, not prescripon opioids. they could say it is somewhat attenuated and they are not tresponsible for things t happened 10 or 20 years ago, and that they have done a lot in the meantime to decrease opioid prescribing. ave looked at this a lot. is there a way to stop something like this happening again? regina: one way to have it not happen again is to find out what happened. that is why this trial is so important. there are manywiocuments that come out. exactly what happened? what were the marketing technies? that is all the cases that could come out in a number of other cases. and then the other thing we have to do in this country is to identify a treatment system, prevention, treatment,
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recovery system so we really uly treat addiction as t disease it is. laura: regina labelle, thank you for joing us. regina: thank you very much. laura: in japan, a man armed with two knives has attacked a group of schoolgirls as they waited for a bus. one of the girls and the parent of another chie killed. it happened in the city, psyche," -- the city kawasaki close to tokyo. the man stabbed himself and died in hospital. rupert wingfield-hayes reports. this quiets morning street was turned into a scene from a horror movie. schoolgirls waiting for the morning bus/and stabbed by a knife wielding man shouting "i'm going to kill you." th man saw it happen. "i heard this screams and i saw some kids lying on the ground," he says. "it was a mawith two sashimi
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knife, one in each hand. then he cut himself and collapsed." "i saw a boy lying on theround slashedn the face." this afternoon people began leaving flowers and little gifts at theit s sign of respect for the the two who were o kille a little girl, the other a parent. this is the street corner where the girls were lining up to get on the bus attacked by this man wielding two knives. onu can see the bloodstain the street. an attack like this would be profoundly shocking anywheren the world, but all the more in japan because this is such a safe society. japan is so safe, it is externally common to see children as young as six years old walking to school every day by themselves. calledinister shinzo abe the mood of the country tonight when he spoke of h anger at what had happened. strongin.bei feel
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anger that young children have suffered. i would like toy offerepest sympathy. we must have safety for our children. rupert: police began searching the house where the suspected attacker lived. neighbors said he was a quiet man who kept to himself. having taken his own life, there is no no one left to explain why he carried out such an apparently senseless attack. rupert wingfld-hayes, bbc asaki, psyche city -- kaw city, japan. laura: in other news, an elderly man has died after a tornado picked up a vehicle and smashed it into his house in ohio. millions are without power after severe storms and tornadoes hit the region. the damages so severe in ohio that snow plow trucks were used to clear away debris. dent'skushner, the pre son-in-law and senior white house adviser, is leading a u.s. delegation to the middle east this week, drumming up supportfo
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his israeli-palestinian peace plan. among the stops will be jordan and jerusalem, and the first part of the plan will be unveiled in bahrain next month. for more i spoke with our state department correspondent barbara plett-usher. jared kushner gets to jerusalem just as benjamin netanyahu, a key trump ally, is trying to. form a coaliti is that a coincidence? barbara: i don't -- i think it is a coincidence, yes. the question is will the visit tithe scales in favor of m netanyahu. i think mr. kushner is focused on his peace plan because he wants to unveil the first phase next mth. talk of a peace plan might complicate things for mr. netanyahu because his supporters are hardline on palestinian issues. i will tell you what did raise eyebrows, lra, was mr. trump's intervention. heet t quite blatant intervention saying he want' mr. netanyahs coalition to
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succeed, that their alliance was good for the country. there is no question what he thoughla a: on the israeli-palestinian peace plan, jared kushner wants to unveil the economic aspect in bahrain next month. but no talk of land or sovereignty yet. how is that going down with the palestinians? barbara: very badly. the whole process has gone down kery badly with the palestinians because actions by the trump administration have so favored israeli positions. , in terms of the peace pl don't know what is in it. mr. kushner says the palestinians will be pleasantly surprised, but he has this focus on the econoc side of it. you wants to raise billions of dollars for palestinian economic development and leave the political stuff for later. palestinians say that he is trying to buy our supporuswhile denyinhat we really want, a palestinian independent state, because there are indications that the plan will not call fo a two-state solution.a: la many u.s. presidents have tried to get a lasting solution to the israeli-palestinian question. are there any indications this
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will fare better than the previous ones?r. barbara:ushner and his team say they know the history of failure, and what they doe trying to s get the most pragmatic way to get some progress despite the intractable conflict. but at the end of the day the israelis and palesvenians will ha to find it acceptable to work. the israelis are not going to reject the peace pla they will be careful not to. but the reality is thaever coalition is formed is going to be very hard-line, and mr. tanyahu has talked about annexing parts of the west bank, not ceding them to the palestinians. the palestinians, wil they change their approach? unlikely if their demands on borders and refugees and jerusalem arnot met. at the moment, indications are they probably won't be, but we will see. laura: barbara plett-usher, thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc worlnews america."st l to come on tonight's program, democracy activists are worried about freedoms in myanmar. cowe are inside thuntry to investigate.
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malaysia has ordered thousands of ts of plastic waste back countries of origin. the country says he does not want to be a dumping ground fory waste from weaations. it has received more trash since china bandit from being imported last year. here is jonathan head. jonathan: importing waste from u.s., europe, and japan, has been profitable in asia. looser regulationsfond a woe willing to tackle the hazardous job of processing it makes malaysia a cheaper place to send it. that is coming to an end. owresponding to g public complaintsen, reporters were t to the country's main port and shown nine containers with mixed plastic and electronic waste. she ordered them sent back to their countries of origin.
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the philippines government has also demandethat canada takene back 69 contai of rubbish which had been running in filipino portss.or several ye thailand says it will ban all imports of plastic and e-waste within the next two years. pressure is building on indonesia to follow suit. all these countries have experienced a dramatic increase in waste imports since china banned them last year. much of the waste is wrongly labeled, and poor law forcement needs it is often dispose of unsafely. some of that plastic waste my be because of the poor control of waste endi up in this part of the world. it is a massiveem probecause of developed countries -- not just europe, it is ameril, japan as w -- cannot send their waste here, they will have to figure out what to do with it back home from where it is more expensive and people are more peresistant to have it hd, and frankly, what the message is is it will have to be an entire transformationf consumer
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packaging and behavior if we're going to cut down on amounts of waste that now nobody in the world wants to take. laura: the release of two reuters journalists in myanmar this month has beewidely welcomed. the democracy campaign has warned of increasing attacks on freedom of speech. one group claims 50 journalists have been charged by aung san suu kyi's government since 26. others have been arrested for taking part in peaceful protests and even artistic performances. our myanmar correspondent has been investigating. reporter: this is a comedy act that could have landed you in esprison during the humorls military dictatorship. a satirical sketch burme style, often at the expense of the powers that be. but those who hoped in 2019 that the army would see the funny side were mistaken.
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when the still powerful generals watch this show streamed live on facebook, they had the performers arrested for painting the armed forces in a balight. this morning she is going to court, accompanied by her mother and sister. they have no idea if she will be coming home tonight. >> this kind of situation isre ly bad. we didn't make violence. f just want to speak. we just perform nt of the people. it really shows what are people's feelings in their mind. this is our freedom of speech. reporter: but do you regret it now that you have been charged? >> no, not at all. reporter: the case held up as myanmar's most high-profile
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attack on freedom of speech has been that of the reuters journalists jailed as they exposed the massacre of rohingyl ims by the burmese military. they may now bfree, but others are hauled before the courts. who,ding this person alongside six friends, justef charged with ding the military. thisecame a regular sight during five decades of military dictatorship. now under civilian government,g there are growmbers of journalists, activists, artists being prosecuted. democracy activists are trying to sound the alarm. >> this case is brought by the army. so, too, are the other cases. the civilian government cannot nyop that. they don't doing to try to stop them. freedom of speech is getting worse. reporter: the governmentf nobel peace prize winner san suu kyi has insisted it will deliver legal reform, but has so r failed to do so.
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and the army, out of governmentl but stl in control, is trying to jail more and more citizens. the filmmaker who called for tht generaget out of politics . the farmer who told ms. suu kyi at a public meeting that the military grabbed his land. te newspaper editor who published reports latest fighting in the western state of rakhine. back at this courthouse, she is taaln to prison to await tri. r mum will not see her tonight. "is she really a criminal?" she asks. "how can they treat her like this? they didn't even give me a chance to hold her." the traditional burmese performers who face four years behind bars for expresng how this country feels. myanmar's leaders of tomorrow, the prisoners of today. laura: president trump may have given written answers to the mueller inquiry, but over 100
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years ago, teddy roosevelt took was in court to defend himself. a libel case was brought against the former psident by a new york state politico. ae trial became a sensati media circus. now the events surrounding this historic event are the basis of a new book, "theodore roosevelt for thdefense." dan abrams is one of the authors, and he joined me from new york. dan, a beloved former presiden teddy roosevelt, sued for libel. why was america gripped by this trial? dan: first of all, the former president was on the wit stand for eight days. it is hard to believe that a president as iconic as theodor roosevelt was a defendant in a major case and testified for 8. daan his dicousin franklin roosevelt testified in his it was an amtrial, and while it was a libel case -- e accused a republican
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party boss of being corrupt -- it feels more like a criminal cais, meaning it moves, ther excitement, there are twists and turns throughout the trial. what really got us hooked on this wass we finally got the transcript in our hands -- it wasn't easy, but once we had it, as we went through it, it was to some degree a page turr. that is what we try to bring t life with this book. laura: what was at stake for teddy roosevelt and his reputation? dan: part of the plaintiff's argument was that roosevelt was just as corrupt as the person h cusing of being corrupt. for roosevelt, that was the ultimate insult.s he took nesty, his integrity incredibly seriously. for someone to allege that he was corrupt was sorte ultimate insult for roosevelt, particular because he w eyeing the possibility of a presidential run down the road, maybe in 1920. and so he nted to not just
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defend himself in this case, but i think he effectively wanted to become the plaintiff to prove that his statement was true, that he is nothing like them, and to defend his legacy. laura: what were theco equences of the verdict for the former president? dan: i try not to give away the verdmpletely, but i will say that whichever way this came out will be enormously important, meaning the plaintiff in this case also had major political aspirations. after the six-week trial, headlines throughout tted states, throughout the case, th whoever won or lost, particularly whoever lost, was going toay a price. there was a lot of finger-pointing, there was a lot of allegations that went on in this case. the loser was definitely going to pay a price. while you can what the outcome was, i can tell
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you that the verdict when it comes down isn't actually the verdict, meaning they come back and say we have a verdict, and it turns out at the end they have to be sent back because there were problems. that is the kind of case thise was with theodosevelt and y as the defendant. laura: more than 1rs later, what still resonates about the case? dan: some of the same issues that came up in the trial are issues today. corruption in politics, money in politics, the impact of money in politics, relationships between political leaders and the people who donate to their campaigns. those were the critica questions that came up in this case, and lo and behold, they are critical questions that are still asked today. laura: dan abrams, thank you so much for joining us. dan: thank you for having me. laura: f remember, you cd much more on all the day's news at our website.
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if you want to follow us on revelyan, iam @laurat would love to hear from you. ngank you so much for watc "bbc world news america." >> with the bbc news app, our vertic videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay t.-to-date with the latest headlines you can download now from selected app stores. >> funding of is presentation made possible by the freeman foundation, and judy and peter blum-kovler foundation, pursuing solutio for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. ntur day is filled with them. >> tv, play "dow abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: radical rebuilding. as devastating floods tornadoes tear across the midwest, we exthe possibility of relocating entire towns after natural disaster. then, analysis of the u.s. supreme court's latest rullags on abortio. plus, research indicates that students of color do best when they see teachers who look like themselves. now, a college program seeks to bring more teachers of color into the u.s. public school system. >> having a teacher of color actually can move student achievement. it actually can help keep kids in school, andsist to college. >> woodruff: all that and more,


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